Urânio em Buckminster-Fuller (1997 [1975])

418.02 This third layer is the outermost of the symmetrically unique, nuclear system patterns and may be identified with the 92 unique, self regenerative, chemical-element systems, and with the 92nd such element – uranium. (Buckminster-Fuller 1997 [1975]:269)

418.03 The closest-sphere-packing system’s first three layers of 12, 42, and 92 add to 146, which is the number of neutrons in uranium – which has the highest nucleon population of all the self-regenerative chemical elements; these 146 neutrons, plus the 92 unengaged mass-attracting protons of the outer layer, give the predominant uranium of 238 nucleons, from whose outer layer the excess two of each layer (which functions as a neutral axis of spin) can be disengaged without distorting the structural integrity of the symmetrical aggregate, which leaves the chain-reacting Uranium 236. (Buckminster-Fuller 1997 [1975]:270)

419.03 The discovery of the first 92 self-regenerative chemical elements was not by the numbers starting with one, but in a completely random sequence. In the super-atomics, beyond Uranium, number 92, the split-second-lived chemical elements have been discovered in a succession that corresponds to their atomic number – for example, the 94th discovery had the atomic weight of 94; the 100th discovery was atomic weight 100, etc. (Buckminster-Fuller 1997 [1975]:271)

419.05 Every layer of a finite system has both an interior, concave, associability potential and an exterior, convex, associability potential. Hence the outer layer of a vector-equilibrium-patterned atom system always has an additional full number “unemployed associability” count. In the example cited above (Sec. 418.03), an additional 92 was added to the 146 as the sum of the number of spheres in the first three shells. The total is 238, the number of nucleons in uranium, whose atomic weight is 238. Four of the nucleons on the surface of one of the square faces of the vector equilibrium’s closest-packed aggregation of nucleons may be separated out without impairing the structural-stability integrity of the balance of the aggregate. This leaves a residue of 236 nucleons, which is the fissionable state of uranium – which must go on chain-reacting due to its asymmetry. (Buckminster-Fuller 1997 [1975]:275)

419.13 Uranium-92 is the limit case of what we call inherently self regenerative chemical elements. Beyond these we get into demonstrations of non-self regenerative elements with the split-second life of Negative Universe. These demonstrations are similar to having a rubber ball with a hole in its skin and stretching that hole’s rubber outwardly around the hole until we can see the markings on the inner skin that correspond to markings on the outer skin – but when we release the ball, the momentarily outwardly displayed markings on the inside will quickly resume their internal positions. (Buckminster-Fuller 1997 [1975]:276)

986.772 If we look at Fig. 222.01 (Synergetics 1), which shows the three successive layers of closest-packed spheres around the prime nuclear sphere, we find the successive layer counts to be 12, 42, 92 . . . that is, they are “frequency to the second power times 10 plus 2.” While we have been aware for 40 years that the outermost layer of these concentric layers is 92, and that its first three layers add to: 12+42+96=146; which 146 is the number of neutrons in uranium, and uranium is the 92nd element – as with all elements, it combines its total of inner-layer neutrons with its outer-layer protons. In this instance of uranium we have combined the 149 with 92, which gives us Uranium– 238, from which count we can knock out four neutrons from eight of the triangular faces without disturbing symmetry to give us Uranium-234. (Buckminster-Fuller 1997 [1975]:1107)

1011.57 But at F3 we still have only one true nuclear ball situated symmetrically at the volumetric center of three layers: the first of 12, the next of 42, and the outer layer of 92 balls. There is only one ball in the symmetrical center of the system. This three-layer aggregate has a total of 146 balls; as noted elsewhere (see Sec. 419.05) this relates to the number of neutrons in Uranium Element #92. (Buckminster-Fuller 1997 [1975]:1241)

BUCKMINSTER-FULLER, Richard. 1997 [1975]. Synergetics: exploration in the geometry of thinking. New York: Macmillan Publishing/Estate of R. Buckminster Fuller.